We are Simon and Verena, two anthropology students from Bolzano who decided to visit one of the many social realities of migration which our friends at Borderline Sicilia had “narrated” to us. We wanted to see it with our own eyes, and accompanied by some of the activists from Campobello spent more than a month in a village which today is host to a large number of migrants during the olive harvest. We tried to maintain a diary to record our experience.
visit to the farmhouse and the camp
thirty Senegalese, Sudanese, Malian and Nigerian men live near the
farmhouse near Erbe Bianche. Some of them stayed in Campobello after
the end of last year’s harvest, having managed to find occasional
work in the area. Before they lived in the “Ciao Ousmane” camp,
until the local council decided to kick them out in the spring, as
the space was used to contain heavy waste.
now all sleep inside two farmhouses and wait the opening of the camp.
The houses lack electricity, running water and hygienic services.
They cook outside on a fire or with a gas cannister.
a kitchen set up in a shack outside of the village]
gates to the camp are open, but we do not see anyone there. There are
three large rubbish containers and the right side of the camp is full
of heavy waste, including fridges and wardrobes. The space would have
been, however, more than enough to host thirty people in tents. The
structures for hygienic services – a wooden construction without a
roof and with ten squat toilets and ten showers – is filthy and
lacks water. The local council spent €20,000 on this building. In
the fire area, where the guys cook with gas cannisters, there is a
pile of mattresses and other trash.
Heavy waster left in the camp]
article is published in Mazara News saying that the Campobello
council will receive €60,000 from the Ministry of the Interior “for
expenses relating to migrant reception.” According to a councillor,
by September 26th
this money had still not arrived.
Visit to the camp
to the site we see no differences from two weeks before. The Council
had said they wanted to open the camp before October.
visit to the farmhouse
are now around 60 people in the farmhouse. They have set up tents and
two gazebos. The migrants are asking for the opening of the camp and
both they and the volunteers are predicting a rapid increase in the
number of people and a worsening of the situation.
Meeting with the Vice-Prefect of Trapani
delegation from the Vice-Prefect of Trapani has held a meeting with
associations and volunteers connected to the camp, as well as one of
the Campobello local councillors. Unlike last year, the camp’s
management will be given over exclusively to the Council. It will be
officially open from October 1st,
at which point six “light points” will be installed, and the
Council will switch on the boiler already present at the camp so as
to guarantee hot water.
visit to the farmhouse
already dark, so we are unable to see the place very well. The people
we meet say there are around 150 migrants present. Angry voices ask
us about when the camp will open.
visit to the camp
at the camp to set up the tents which some associations have donated,
we find the gate closed. We made an inspection of the “Ciao
Ousmane” camp: there are only 7 days until the promised opening.
The camp is full of heavy waste, televisions, fridges and mattresses,
all of which should be removed before the opening. But until now
there has only been one day, last Thursday, when a worker from the
Council has been on site.
we find around twenty migrants who have come here to take material to
build some shacks at Erbe Bianche where they can sleep, with the
consequence that much of the material is scattered all over the camp.
At the back of the camp, inside a largely broken wooden shed, there
are baths and showers. The conditions are inhumane, dirty and without
water. As for work on the hot water boiler and the light points,
still nothing has been done. The covered area of the camp which
serves as a fire place for cooking is full of dirty mattresses, which
also need to be removed. Beyond this, for several days water has been
pouring out of a tube because the tap is broken, without repair. Some
people have started to enter the camp and build little sleeping
places, reusing the material thrown around about.
the camp’s “fire zone”.]
Visit to the farmhouse
days away from the promised opening of the camp, there are around 200
migrants at Campobello who, finding themselves in front of locked
gates, have begun to put up their tents at a farmhouse near Erbe
Bianche. Visiting the guys there every day, we note a constant flow
of people arriving from all over Italy.
day the tent city is expanding and new people are forced to live
without running water, without either electricity nor hygiene
services and showers, The piles of rubbish grow every day, and by now
cover the whole camp, bringing with it a serious worsening of health
conditions. With the lack of showers, hot water is made over flames,
the same used for preparing food. The “shower” is made up of
towels hung over some palettes.
of the migrants have been coming to Campobello for many years for the
harvest, and complain that the camp is still closed, unlike in
previous years. They continue to tell us that they cannot go ahead in
these conditions, even up till October 1st.
Frustration and bad tempers weave among the guys, because
notwithstanding years of everyone knowing about the seasonal
migration, eyes continue to be closed to the situations being
the moment there are many guys at Campobello for the first time, and
they find themselves troubled and bewildered about how they are meant
to sort themselves out. The urgent necessity of being able to move
into and settle in the old olive oil plant has forced the guys to
take a delegation to the Council so as to speak with the institutions
and ask for the anticipated opening of the camp. An appointment is
made for September 26th.
a shack inside the “Ciao Ousmane” camp]
September: Visit to the camp
the guys turned up at the Council this morning, it turned out that no
one was aware of the scheduled appointment and the relevant officials
were not present. It was decided that the migrants’ delegation would
participate in the meeting with the mayor scheduled for Wednesday
September, as well as with the councillor for social policy and all
the associations which would be present at the camp. During this
meeting the protocol for the management of the camp would be set
making a visit to the “Ciao Ousmane” camp we find the gate open,
and inside there are council workers preparing to remove the rubbish
container. The tap which is pouring out water has still not been
repaired, and the same is the case of the toilets and the boiler.
Inside the camp there are around 30 migrants who are recharging their
phones from the building’s electricity plugs. Inside one of the rooms
there are some sleeping people.
Truck for the removal of heavy objects inside the camp]
are told by telephone that the works are still going on. Nonetheless,
a hundred people who had set up their tents within the camp have been
camp is officially open, but it still not clean and the showers and
WC do not work. Unlike in previous years, the Red Cross is not
present, as the protocol of understanding has still not been
Showers in the camp]
situation at the “Ciao Ousmane” camp is serious. There has been
an increase in people since the previous year. Currently the camp has
around 1,000 people and more continue to arrive every day. Available
space is starting to run out and the migrants no longer know where to
pitch their tents. Around 30 guys lacking tents are forced to sleep
on the ground on cardboard. Their is a noted lack of blankets, tents,
warm clothes and supplies. There are many people who are without
work, given this year’s poor harvest. This is creating a climate of
tension between the migrants who are, in fact, having difficulty in
getting food. While last year there were plentiful donations of food,
clothes and supplies, this year there is a lack. The Red Cross has
begun a free service guaranteeing their presence on the camp 4 hours
per day. Other than them, there are 3-4 volunteers present, quickly
tired out due to the lack of material and human resources.
to the volunteers, the toilets, showers and light sockets have been
installed, but there is still no hot water. Even if the repair of the
boiler in the camp was listed as one of the more urgent tasks during
a meeting with the Prefecture, the Council and the associations, up
till now this job has still not been completed and it seems unlikely
that it will be done this season. This has given life to a kind of
market in hot water, made in tub and then sold for a few cents to the
the Erbe Bianche farmhouses there are around 60 people still, who
currently live inside the two structures. They have already lived for
several months without water, an electricity supply or hygiene
services. Nonetheless, they have decided not to transfer to the camp
as the farmhouses provide, at least, a roof over one’s head and are
more spacious. Some of them visit the “Ciao Ousmane” camp to use
the toilets or take a shower.
There are currently more than 1,200 people
sleeping in the camp. The situation has gone from ‘difficult’ to
‘serious.’ Two days of football matches, organised thanks to the work
of Mediterraneo Antirazzista, helped create real moments of
interaction. Now all of your help is needed, the most concrete kind
possible. Speak about the camp, ask for help. They need provisions,
blankets and clothes. If possible, shoes. “Ciao Ousmane” needs
us. 1,200 people need us.
Project “OpenEurope” – Oxfam Italia, Diaconia Valdese, Borderline Sicilia Onlus
Translation: Richard Braude